Periodontitis is also often known as 'Gum Disease' and is a very common condition in which the gums and deeper periodontal structures become inflamed.
This inflammation of the gums is the body's response to certain bacteria that have been allowed to accumulate on the teeth.
Visible symptoms usually are redness of the gums, swelling and a tendency to bleed during brushing.
Although part of the body's defence system, this inflammatory response can eventually cause serious damage. If left unchecked, the inflammation can spread down below the gums and along the roots of the teeth, causing destruction of the periodontal ligament and the supporting bone. This ultimately leads to the loosening and potential loss of the teeth.